Be Date Rape Aware-Don’t Be That Guy.

Be Date Rape Aware (by i4Life Studios for YWCA Banff) from i4life Studios on Vimeo.

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Myths/ Stats
10 Top Tips to Stop Rape
Information on Drug Facilitated Date Rape
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Supports and Services

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Myths/ Stats

Though we live in a beautiful place we are not immune to incidents of date rape, acquaintance sexual assault or drug facilitated rape. Below are the stats for the Bow Valley as recorded by Bow Valley Victims Services over the most recent 28 months.

# of Acquaintance rapes/ # of total sexual assaults
Banff – 4/12 (33%)
Total Bow Valley - 13 / 38 (34%)

Most myths are aimed at women. When it comes to “tips,” these are almost solely directed to women who are constantly told to watch their drinks, not get drunk, walk in pairs, watch what they wear, etc. However, we know that 1 in 6 men in Canada will also experience sexual assault. Rather than preventing sexual assault, tips work to control women’s behaviour.

To stop sexual assault from happening, we must recognize what it is, and why it happens. Unfortunately, many people have some common misconceptions about sexual assault. The following are some myths and facts about sexual assault.

Myth:
If a person is sexually assaulted when they are drunk, they are at least somewhat responsible because they have put themselves in a risky situation.
Fact:
The determining factor in a sexual assault is not how much the survivor drank. The only person responsible for sexual assault is the perpetrator. People are not responsible for what other people do to them. If someone assaults a drunk person, the only person responsible is the person who committed the assault.

Myth:
When someone is rape drugged, they are somewhat responsible because they weren’t being careful enough.
Fact:
Sexual assault can happen to anyone, anywhere, regardless of how cautious they are being. People are not drugged because they aren’t being careful enough; people are drugged because a perpetrator drugs them.

Myth:
If someone is wearing provocative or revealing clothing, they are asking to be sexually assaulted.
Fact:
Some people say that women who wear “provocative” clothing should expect to be sexually assaulted, especially if they choose their clothes to “look good.” Wanting to be attractive is not the same as wanting to be sexually assaulted. Wanting sex is not the same as wanting to be sexually assaulted. Sexual contact is activity that is mutually consensual; sexual assault, however, is an act of violence that one person inflicts on another. No one asks to be sexually assaulted, regardless of what they do or do not wear.

Myth:
If the survivor had said “NO” or fought back, they wouldn’t have been assaulted.
Fact:
We often hear that sexual assault happens because of a misunderstanding. The perpetrator may say they didn’t realize the survivor didn’t want the sexual activity and that the survivor wasn’t being clear enough in saying ‘no.’ This is an excuse. Up to 93% of communication is non-verbal, meaning that tone of voice, facial expressions, hand gestures and other types of body language communicate our thoughts and feelings more than the words that come out of our mouths. Even if survivors do not use the word “no,” they are always communicating non-consent. This communication might be verbal, with phrases such as, “stop,” “quit,” “I’m not enjoying this,” or excuses such as, “I’m not feeling well.”
Survivors may also communicate “no” through their body language by turning away, pushing away, crying, trying to keep their clothes on, freezing, or other actions.
Sexual assault does not happen because the survivor does not communicate clearly enough. Sexual assault occurs because the perpetrator observes all of these signs, chooses to ignore them, and continues forcing sexual contact anyway. Someone who is not a perpetrator would notice these signals, stop, and check-in to find out what’s wrong.

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10 Top Tips to Stop Rape

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Info on Drug Facilitated Date Rape

 Alcohol-

    • Alcohol is by far the most prevalent date rape drug and is easy to use because it is legal and socially accepted.
      In some cases, perpetrators take advantage of the fact that an individual is drinking heavily. In other cases, the perpetrator is actively involved in ensuring that an individual gets drunk by buying drinks, encouraging her/him to drink, and pouring drinks with more alcohol than usual. In either case, when an individual is drunk she/he is legally unable to consent to sexual activity.
      There is a misconception among some people that accepting drinks from someone indicates interest in sexual activity. Yet, consenting to having a drink is not consenting to sexual activity it is solely consenting to having a drink.
      What are the street names?
      Beer, Bombs, Shooters, Shots, Wine, Liquers, Mixed Drinks, Cocktails, Ciders, Martinis, Daquiris, Umbrella Drinks, Girlie Drinks, Punch, Hot Drink, Jello Shots, Jungle Juice, etc.
      What does this drug look like?
      It comes in all sizes and shapes, textures, colours.
      How does this drug affect the mind?
      Alcohol is a common depressant that slows the activity of the central nervous system. It lowers inhibitions, decreases anxiety, drowsiness, distorted vision and hearing, impaired judgment, and blackouts (memory lapses, where the drinker cannot remember events that occurred while under the influence).
      How does this drug affect the body?
      It
      disturbs motor skills, slurred speech, vomiting, diarrhea, upset stomach, headaches, breathing difficulties, decreased perception and coordination, unconsciousness, anemia (loss of red blood cells); its effects subside fairly slowly, as it takes the human body one hour to process each alcoholic drink consumed.
      What are the overdose effects?
      When the amount of alcohol in the blood exceeds a certain level, the respiratory (breathing) system slows down markedly, and can cause a coma or death, because oxygen no longer reaches the brain.

Rohypnol-

    • Roofies have been used to commit sexual assaults (also known as “date rape,” “drug rape,” “acquaintance rape,” or “drug-assisted” assault) due to their ability to sedate and incapacitate unsuspecting victims, preventing them from resisting sexual assault.
      Rohypnol® is a trade name for flunitrazepam, a central nervous system (CNS) depressant that belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.
      What are the street names?
      Circles, Forget Pill, Forget-Me-Pill, La Rocha, Lunch Money Drug, Mexican Valium, Pingus, R2, Rapies, Reynolds, Roach, Roach 2, Roaches, Roachies, Roapies, Robutal, Rochas Dos, Rohypnol, Roofies, Rophies, Ropies, Roples, Row-Shay, Ruffies, Wolfies
      What does this drug look like?
      Prior to 1997, Rohypnol® was manufactured as a white tablet and when mixed in drinks, was colorless, tasteless, and odorless. Rohypnol® is now manufactured as an oblong olive green tablet with a speckled blue core that when dissolved in light-colored rinks will dye the liquid blue. However, generic versions of the drug may not contain the blue dye.
      How does this drug affect the mind?
      Like other benzodiazepines, Rohypnol® slows down the functioning of the CNS producing drowsiness (sedation), sleep (pharmacological hypnosis), decreased anxiety, and amnesia (no memory of events while under the influence of the substance).
      How does this drug affect the body?
      Rohypnol® causes muscle relaxation. Adverse physical effects include slurred speech, loss of motor coordination, weakness, headache, and respiratory depression.
      What are the overdose effects?
      High doses of Rohypnol® particularly when combined with CNS depressant drugs (e.g., alcohol and heroin) can cause severe sedation, unconsciousness, slow heart rate, and suppression of respiration which may be sufficient to result in death.

Ketamine-

    •  Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic that has some hallucinogenic effects. It distorts perceptions of sight and sound and makes the user feel disconnected and not in control. It is an injectable, short-acting anesthetic for use in humans and animals. It is referred to as a “dissociative anesthetic” because it makes patients feel detached from their pain and environment. Ketamine can induce a state of sedation, immobility, relief from pain, and amnesia (no memory of events while under the influence of the drug).
      What are the street names?
      Cat Tranquilizer, Cat Valium, Jet, Jet K, K, Kit Kat, Purple, Special K, Special La Coke, Super Acid, Super K, Vitamin K
      What does this drug look like?
      Ketamine comes in a clear liquid and a white or off-white powder. Powdered ketamine (100 milligrams to 200 milligrams) typically is packaged in small glass vials, small plastic bags, and capsules as well as paper, glassine, or aluminum foil folds.  Liquid ketamine is injected or mixed into drinks.
      How does this drug affect the mind?
      Ketamine produces hallucinations. It distorts perceptions of sight and sound and makes the user feel disconnected and not in control. Its hallucinatory effects are relatively short in duration, lasting approximately 30 to 60 minutes as opposed to several hours. Slang for experiences related to Ketamine “K-hole” (refers to the out-of-body, near death experience), and “God” (users are convinced that they have met their maker). The onset of effects is rapid and often occurs within a few minutes of taking the drug, though taking it orally results in a slightly slower onset of effects. Flashbacks have been reported several weeks after ketamine is used. Ketamine may also cause agitation, depression, cognitive difficulties, unconsciousness, and amnesia.
      How does this drug affect the body?
      A couple of minutes after taking the drug, the user may experience an increase in heart rate and blood pressure that gradually decreases over the next 10 to 20 minutes. Ketamine can make users unresponsive to stimuli. When in this state, users experience: involuntarily rapid eye movement, dilated pupils, salivation, tear secretions, and stiffening of the muscles. This drug can also cause nausea.
      What are the overdose effects?
      An overdose can cause unconsciousness and dangerously slowed breathing.

GHB-

    • Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is another name for the generic drug sodium oxybate. Xyrem® (which is sodium oxybate) is the trade name of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved prescription medication. GHB is used for its ability to increase libido, suggestibility, passivity, and to cause amnesia (no memory of events while under the influence of the substance) — traits that make users vulnerable to sexual assault and other criminal acts.
      What are the street names?
      Easy Lay, G, Georgia Home Boy, GHB, Goop, Grievous Bodily Harm, Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X, Scoop
      What does this drug look like?
      GHB is usually sold as a liquid or as a white powder that is dissolved in a liquid, such as water, juice, or alcohol. GHB dissolved in liquid has been packaged in small vials or small water bottles. In liquid form, GHB is clear and colorless and slightly salty in taste.
      How does this drug affect the mind?
      GHB occurs naturally in the central nervous system in very small amounts. Use of GHB produces Central Nervous System (CNS) depressant effects including euphoria, drowsiness, decreased anxiety, confusion and memory impairment. GHB can also produce visual hallucinations and—paradoxically—excited and aggressive behavior. GHB greatly increases the CNS depressant effects of alcohol and other depressants.
      How does this drug affect the body?
      GHB takes effect in 15 to 30 minutes, and the effects last 3 to 6 hours. Low doses of GHB produce nausea. At high doses, GHB overdose can result in unconsciousness, seizures, slowed heart rate, greatly slowed breathing, lower body temperature, vomiting, nausea, coma, and death.
      What are the overdose effects?
      GHB overdose can cause death.

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